Topic: Political Psychology
Presentation Type:  Abstract within Symposium PSYCHOLOGICAL PHENOMENON ON UKRAINIAN MASS ACTIONS DURING THE PRESIDENT ELECTION 2004
Lyubov Naydonova

EMOTIONAL STATES OF PARTICIPANTS OF MASS POLITICAL MOVES IN UKRAINE DURING THE PERIOD OF NOVEMBER-DECEMBER, 2004

Dr. Lyubov Naydonova 1,2 and Mrs. Lyubov M. Naydonova 3
Institute of social and political psychology, Kyiv, Ukraine1,Institute of reflective investigation and specialization, Kyiv, Ukraine2,National Pedagogical University named by M.P. Dragomanov3
Ukrainian president elections of 2004 were accompanied by mass political moves at Maydan Nezalezhnosty (Independent Square) initiated by an oppositional presidential contender V.A.Yuschenko. One of the mass psychology phenomena are spirits of mass moves participants, their emotional states on the level of which socio-psychological mechanisms (contagion, suggestion, inheritance operate). The purpose of the investigation is to outline a dynamics of emotional states of political moves participants regarding the amplitude and modality. An author’s methodology of modality and emotional strength evaluation was applied. It is based on a choice from 35 proposed emotional state, which is true for a participant. The emotional state evaluation was also carried out according to a number of semantic scales. The sampling covered 965 participants of the mass moves, including 98 tent-camp residents. 12 measurements were made, that helped to analyse the dynamics of emotional states. The dominant emotional state according to the modality (after Izard, 1981) is positive - an elation. The analysis of dynamics through 18 days of the move indicated a constancy of this state. More than 80% participants informed that they experienced the feelings of elation, unity, pride and love. The analysis of semantic ties – what the experienced state may be compared with – identified the following basic groups of answers: with nothing (15%), with a birth (15%), with the moves for Ukrainian independence in 1991 or with some other ones (10%), with a feeling of victory (5%). Among personal intentions, which led participants to Maydan there were the following: to support the other participants, to show one’s indignation, to defend one’s own choice. The content analysis of statements showed that only 15% mentioned a contender’s person. We found some difference in emotional states and circular reactions at the centre and periphery of Maydan and between tent-camp and other participants.
*Correspondence concerning this abstract should be addressed to:
Lyubov Naydonova
p.o.box 65 Kiev 04074 lan@iris-psy.kiev.ua
Ukraine
Keywords: political moves; mass action; emotion;